AFC Automated fare collections
ATC Automatic train control
ATO Automatic train operation
built-in web server Secure server that can be used for diagnostics, firmware updates and implement customer-specific web pages
CAN Gateway Controller Area Network (CAN) Gateway
CBTC Communications Based Train Control
CCTV Closed-circuit Television
CIP Common Industrial Protocol - communication architecture for industrial devices
CLI Command-line interface
cyclic process data Continuous data exchange sent at regular intervals to constantly monitor a device
DIN-Rail Industry standard type of rail used for mounting industrial computer modules
duagon IP Proven intellectual property cores based on industry standards
DUAL HDLC High-Level Data Link Control with two channels
EMD Electrical Medium Distance
ESD Electrical Short Distance
ETB Ethernet Train Backbone
FFF Form, Fit and Function, also known as F3 framework, are the main specifications that describe a specific component and determine replacement parts
FIP Factory Instrumentation Protocol, a standardized fieldbus protocol defined in the European standard EN 50170
FPGA Field-programmable gate array, an integrated circuit where the functionality can be configured by the user
HVAC Control systems for Heating Ventilation Air Conditioning
Intelligent Gateway Intelligent gateways securely connect multiple IoT devices to a cloud-based service bridging various protocols
IoT Gateway Internet of Things gateway for IoT device-to-device or device-to-cloud communication
LON Local Operating Network
LonWorks Local Operating Network: network communication protocol for automation applications
LoRa Gateway Long-Range low-power IoT gateway
LTE Long-Term Evolution - standard for wireless broadband communication
MVB Multifunction Vehicle Bus - a serial communication bus used in the train communication network to connect devices in rail vehicles
PIS Passenger Information System
PoE Power over Ethernet
PROFINET Open industry standard for communication over industrial Ethernet
RS232 Serial communication standard for voltage and signal levels in data transmission
RS485 Serial communication standard for electrical characteristics with bi-directional and multipoint systems support
TCMS Train Control and Management System
TBN Train Backbone Node
TCN Train Consist Network
TCN Train Communication Network
TCS Train Control System
TCN Train Control Network
Train backbone Inter-consist train communication network
Trainnet Train computer system for onboard railway applications
TRDP Train Real Time Data Protocol
WorldFIP Open system international fieldbus standard EN50170 used in various architectures.
WTB Wire Train Bus